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WASHINGTON -- A month after the Bush administration filed a brief with the Supreme Court opposing affirmative action policies at the University of Michigan, more than 300 organizations announced that they would file briefs supporting the university by today's deadline. The groups represented academia, major corporations, labor unions and nearly 30 of the nation's top former military and civilian defense officials.
Former Army undersecretary Joe Reeder said Monday that service academies and ROTC programs need affirmative action to maintain a diversified officer corps.
Those who had signed by Monday evening included former Defense Secretaries William Cohen and William J. Perry and retired four-star Navy Admirals William J. Crowe, Archie Clemons and Joseph Prueher. Norman Schwarzkopf, John Shalikashvili and Julius Becton of the Army, Ronald Fogleman of the Air Force and former Marine Corps Commandant Carl Mundy Jr. are among the 19 retired generals who signed.
The American Bar Association has proposed new standards for defense lawyers in death penalty cases, after criticism by Supreme Court justices and legal scholars about the poor quality of representation afforded many murder defendants.
The guidelines, intended to set a national standard of practice in state and federal courts, were adopted with little dissent at the ABA's midyear meeting in Seattle last week.
Defendants in capital cases should be represented by two or more qualified lawyers, augmented by an investigator, a mitigation specialist and, in some instances, an expert to help with jury selection, the guidelines state.