March 9, 2003
BAGHDAD, Iraq -- Emboldened by the latest weapons inspectors' report, Iraq on Saturday called on the United Nations to remove crippling sanctions and ban weapons of mass destruction in the entire Middle East -- and eventually in the United States.
Iraq resumed destroying banned Al Samoud 2 missiles under U.N. supervision Saturday after taking a day off, crushing six more in a process that chief inspector Hans Blix called a "substantial measure of disarmament."
During the past week, Iraq has destroyed 40 of its 100 Al Samoud 2 missiles, prohibited by the United Nations because some tests indicated they could fly farther than a U.N.-imposed limit of 93 miles. It also has been destroying equipment used to make them.
Reports to the Security Council on Friday by Blix and chief nuclear inspector Mohamed ElBaradei praised Iraq's recent compliance. But inspectors also questioned Iraq's motivation, as it began to give the inspectors what they wanted only when the threat of war became immediate.
Blix also documented lingering questions about Iraqi weapons programs in a 173-page dossier, which said Baghdad may still possess about 10,000 liters of anthrax, Scud missile warheads and drones capable of flying far beyond a 93-mile limit.
President Bush said the reports indicated that only a war will make Iraq give up its banned weapons.
"Unfortunately, it is clear that Saddam Hussein is still violating the demands of the United Nations by refusing to disarm," he said in a radio address Saturday.
Iraq, however, took the inspectors' report as an endorsement of its work and argued not only that war plans should be canceled, but that sanctions imposed on it by the Security Council for its 1990 invasion of Kuwait should be removed.
"We demand that the Security Council and the world decide on . . . the lifting of sanctions on Iraq in a comprehensive and complete way," said a spokesman for a meeting Saturday of Hussein and top-level officials, quoted by official Iraqi news media.
The spokesman said the weapons inspectors had verified Iraq has rid itself of weapons of mass destruction -- something the inspectors said would take months to do -- and appealed for a ban on such weapons to be extended beyond Iraq: to Israel, and eventually to the United States.
The spokesman, reporting on the meeting, said Iraq called on the Security Council "to rid the Middle East of weapons of mass destruction since Iraq has become free of them."
"At the front of those that must be rid of these weapons is the Zionist entity," he said in a reference to Israel, adding that the order should "move on after this region to America."
U.N. resolutions require inspectors to verify that Iraq has no weapons of mass destruction or the means to make them before sanctions can be lifted.
Hussein has long claimed Iraq destroyed all its weapons of mass destruction. The United States and Britain claim he's lying.
Iraq also denounced a U.S. request for about 60 countries to expel 300 selected Iraqis who it said were undercover agents. Some are operating as diplomats out of Iraqi embassies, according to officials in Washington.
The Foreign Ministry said in a statement Saturday night that all its diplomats abide by the laws of the countries they are in, and called the U.S. request "a frantic campaign" by the CIA.
Inspectors' spokesman Hiro Ueki said Iraqi workers crushed six Al Samoud 2 missiles Saturday at the al-Taji military complex north of Baghdad, under the supervision of weapons inspectors. Three of the missiles had warheads and three didn't.
Inspectors also supervised the destruction of tools and "special equipment used to produce the Al Samoud 2 engine" at the Al Samoud factory, he said, and another group of inspectors verified the emptying of Al Samoud 2 warheads at the Qa Qa complex just south of Baghdad.
Odai al-Taie, a senior Information Ministry official, said the workers crushing the missiles took Friday off because they had worked on Tuesday, the Muslim new year. Ueki described Friday as a "planning day" for teams working on missile destruction.
Ueki said an Iraqi chemical scientist granted an interview to weapons inspectors, bringing to eight the number of scientists who have given interviews since Feb. 28, when Iraq began urging them to talk. Since the same date, four scientists have refused.
Inspectors also returned to a former airfield where Iraq buried bombs it says were armed with biological weapons in 1991. Ueki said inspectors took samples from containers Iraq says it used to transport biological agents.