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Iraq

Comparing the gulf wars

©Times staff
March 30, 2003

Signs are that the new Gulf War isn't going to end as quickly as many people expected. Despite the "shock and awe" of the opening bombardment, coalition forces are running into stiff resistance from the Iraqi regime. Here's a by-the-numbers look at how the first 10 days of Operation Iraqi Freedom compare with the opening of Operation Desert Storm and the total figures for the 1991 conflict.

War in 1991
War in 2003
OPERATION DESERT STORM
Jan. 17-Feb. 28,1991
OPERATION IRAQI FREEDOM
Began March 19
STATE OBJECTIVE:
Push invading Iraqis out of Kuwait
Remove Saddam Hussein and disarm Iraq of any weapons of mass destruction.
TOTAL PERSONNEL:
Iraq: 545,000
Coalition: 690,000
Iraq: 350,000
Coalition: 299,000 (100,000 in Iraq)
COUNTRIES IN COALITION:
31 (eventually 34)
49, but this time it does not include key allies such as France, Germany, Canada, and many of the Arab partners from the first Persian Gulf War.
SORTIES FLOWN:
First 10 days: 17,000
Total:
More than 116,000
First 10 days: More than 7,000
MISSILES LAUNCHED BY ALLIES:
First 10 days: N/A
Total:
300 cruise missiles
First 10 days: 675 cruise missiles; also 6,000 precision guided bombs have been dropped
MISSILES LAUNCHED BY IRAQ:
First 10 days: 36
Total:
88
First 10 days: 13
COALITION AIRCRAFT LOST:
First 10 days: 23
Total:
75 (U.S.: 63)
First 10 days: 8 (5 U.S.)
COALITION CASUALTIES:
First 10 days: 7 (1 combat); 27-30 missing or captured
Total:
212 total combat deaths
(U.S.: 147)
First 10 days: 59 (36 U.S.- 29 in combat; 23 British); 16 missing or captured
COALITION PRISONERS OF WAR:
First 10 days: 14-15
Total:
56 (U.S.:36)
First 10 days: 7
CLAIMS OF CIVILIAN CASUALTIES:
First 10 days: 231 according to Iraqi government
Total: The U.S. estimated 3,000 Iraqi civilians died. The Iraqis claimed 35,000.
First 10 days: 425 killed, based on claims by the Iraqi government
IRAQI MILITARY CASUALTIES:
First 10 days: 48-90, based on Iraqi reports
Total:
75,000-100,000
First 10 days: Unknown
IRAQI PRISONERS OF WAR:
First 10 days: More than 100
Total:
71,000
First 10 days: More than 4,000
GROUND WAR: HOW FAR DID U.S. REACH?
The ground war didn't start until Feb. 24 and lasted only 100 hours. Allied forces drove north toward Nasiriyah and cut off escape routes out of Basra. The other elements pushed into Kuwait from the north and south to drive out the Iraqis.
Coalition troops have advanced to Karbala, about 50 miles south of Baghdad and are outside the cities of Najaf, Basra and Nasiriyah and have taken the port of Umm Qasr in the south. They have taken strategic airfields in the west and in the north, which is controlled by the Kurds.

Sources: CNN; New York Times; Times Wires; Air Force Magazine; Department of Defense; Times Researcher Cathy Wos and foreign news assistant Natalie Watson

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