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Conjoined infants are separated

Associated Press
© St. Petersburg Times
published July 23, 2003

SINGAPORE - Infant Korean sisters connected at the lower back were successfully separated Tuesday at Singapore's Raffles Hospital, just two weeks after the hospital's failed attempt to separate adult Iranian twins.

Sa Rang and Ji Hye were separated at 2:40 p.m., said Dr. Prem Kumar, spokesman for Raffles Hospital. The 4-month-old girls, whose names mean Love and Wisdom in Korean, also underwent plastic and reconstructive surgery, he said.

Doctors said that the operation was a success and that both twins were resting in stable condition in the intensive care unit.

Dr. Thong Pao Wen, a consultant in the operation, said the mood in the operating room two or three hours into the surgery was "euphoric" because the staff realized the girls were going to be fine.

The surgery had been expected to last six to eight hours, but in the end lasted only 41/2 hours. The twins were fused at the pelvis, the lower end of their spine, the lower end of their intestinal tract and some parts of their genitalia, doctors said.

Doctors were afraid that if the twins were not separated they would develop severe skull and spinal deformities because of the way they would have been forced to position themselves.

The procedure came just two weeks after a team of surgeons from Raffles Hospital failed to successfully separate Ladan and Laleh Bijani, Iranian twins born joined at the head. The 29-year-old sisters died in the operating room, 90 minutes apart, from blood loss.

Before their deaths, the Bijani sisters saw the Korean sisters on several occasions while they underwent evaluation for their separation surgery, Kumar said. Ladan and Laleh "were quite fond" of the Korean babies, he said.

The Bijani sisters' surgery was the first attempt by doctors to separate adult twins joined at the head.

Separation surgery on conjoined adults is more difficult than that on infants. And head separation is riskier than other kinds.

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