Hundreds die in Indonesian earthquake
An 8.7-magnitude quake sends shockwaves of panic across the same region devastated by a killer tsunami three months ago.
Published March 29, 2005
BANDA ACEH, Indonesia - A powerful earthquake struck off Indonesia's west coast late Monday, killing hundreds of people whose homes collapsed on them and spreading panic across the Indian Ocean that another killer tsunami was on the way. Indonesia's vice president predicted up to 2,000 deaths.
But fears of a second tsunami catastrophe in just over three months eased within hours, as officials in countries at risk reported their coasts clear of the type of earthquake-spawned waves that ravaged a dozen countries in Asia and Africa on Dec. 26.
Almost all the deaths reported after the 8.7-magnitude quake were on Indonesia's Nias island, a popular surfing spot off Sumatra island's west coast and close to the epicenter. Police were pulling children's bodies out of the rubble of collapsed houses, and a fire was reportedly raging in one town.
"It is predicted - and it's still a rough estimate - that the numbers of dead may be between 1,000 and 2,000," Vice President Jusuf Kalla told the el-Shinta radio station. He said the estimate was based on an assessment of damage to buildings, not bodies counted.
The other deaths reported in Monday's quake were in Sri Lanka, where two people were reportedly killed during a panicky evacuation from the coast in an area held by the Tamil rebels.
The U.S. Geological Survey said the quake struck about 19 miles under the seabed, some 155 miles south-southeast of Banda Aceh, the capital of Aceh province on Sumatra island. It struck just 110 miles southwest of December's 9.0-magnitude temblor - the world's most powerful in 40 years.
Monday's wallop, although very powerful, was but a fraction of the earlier quake. In explosive power, December's quake was equal to 100-million pounds of TNT; it caused the seabed to spring up as much as 60 feet.
Sirens sounded throughout the region as authorities, concerned of a disaster of equal proportions, issued tsunami alerts for six countries after the quake struck at 11:06 p.m. as many people were sleeping.
Women clutching children ran into the darkened streets of Banda Aceh, crying and chanting, "God is great." Others grabbed small bags of clothes and fled their tents and homes for higher ground.
Another man rushed instead to the local mosque, saying, "Where can I go? You can't outrun a tsunami."
The quake lasted two minutes and briefly cut electricity in Banda Aceh. Thousands poured into the streets, where flickering campfires and motorbike and car headlights provided the only lighting.
People grabbed small bags of clothes as they fled their tents and homes. Many were crying and jumping into cars and onto motorbikes and pedicabs to head for higher ground. Two women wearing prayer shawls and sarongs grabbed a fence to steady themselves.
"People are still traumatized, still scared, they are running for higher ground," said Feri, a 24-year-old aid volunteer who goes by one name.
In Sri Lanka, warning sirens blared along the island nation's east coast and President Chandrika Kumaratunga urged people to evacuate immediately to higher ground.
"It was like reliving the same horror of three months ago," said Fatheena Faleel, who fled her home with her three children after seeing the warning on television.
In Malaysia, residents fled their shaking apartments and hotels.
"I was getting ready for bed, and suddenly, the room started shaking," said Jessie Chong, a resident of the largest city, Kuala Lumpur. "I thought I was hallucinating at first, but then I heard my neighbors screaming and running out."
The quake was felt as far away as Singapore and the Thai capital, Bangkok, more than 435 miles from the epicenter.
Nias island was badly hit on Dec. 26, when at least 340 residents were killed and 10,000 were left homeless.
The devastation there from Monday's quake appeared to be far worse.
In the town of Gunungsitoli, about 70 percent of buildings collapsed in the market district, officials said.
"Hundreds of buildings have been damaged or have collapsed," said Agus Mendrofa, the island's deputy district head. He told el-Shinta radio station that at least 296 people had died in Gunungsitoli.
The MISNA missionary news agency in Rome reported that a huge fire was raging early today in Gunungsitoli.
"From the window I see very high flames," MISNA quoted Father Raymond Laia as saying by telephone about 2 miles from the town. "The town is completely destroyed. I repeat, the town is completely destroyed."
Another police officer, who identified himself as Nainggolan, said rescuers were trying to pull people out of the rubble, and that many were still panicking because of several aftershocks.
"We are busy now trying to pull people or bodies of children from the collapsed building," said Nainggolan, who like many Indonesians uses only one name. "It is very hard also because there is no power."
"The situation here is really messy," he said. "Aftershocks keep hitting every half hour making thousands of people flee their homes and afraid to go home."
U.S. State Department deputy spokesman Adam Ereli said U.S. diplomatic missions in Asia and Africa went into "battle mode" to respond quickly to any contingency. Authorities worldwide had been slow to recognize the magnitude of the Dec. 26 disaster, which killed at least 175,000 people in 12 Indian Ocean nations and left 106,000 missing.
Preliminary indications were that energy from Monday's quake might be directed toward the southwest, said Frank Gonzalez, an oceanographer with the National Oceanographic and Atmospheric Administration in Seattle.
The only tsunami reported was a tiny one - 10 inches - at the Cocos Islands, 1,400 miles west of Australia. No damage was reported.
Officials said after the December disaster that a tsunami early warning system could have saved many lives. Such a system exists in the Pacific but has not been established in the Indian Ocean. Japan and the United States had planned to start providing tsunami warnings to countries around the Indian Ocean this month as a stopgap measure until the region establishes its own alert system.
Charles McCreery, director of the Pacific Tsunami Warning Center in Hawaii, said the organization was able to disseminate its bulletins to more nations Monday than it could in the Dec. 26 tsunami.
Although the center does not have any gauges in the Indian Ocean, it has established better communication with several nations and government agencies, he said.
But for residents of ravaged Banda Aceh, no warning system was needed after they felt the quake and headed for higher ground.
At the city's biggest refugee camp, a voice on loudspeaker later announced that there was no tsunami. This time, the voice said, people could return to their tents.
[Last modified March 29, 2005, 01:32:11]
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