Last mission to repair the Hubble telescope Hubble space telescope discoveries have enriched our understanding of the cosmos. In this special report, you will see facts about the Hubble space telescope, discoveries it has made and what the last mission's goals are.
For their own good
Fifty years ago, they were screwed-up kids sent to the Florida School for Boys to be straightened out. But now they are screwed-up men, scarred by the whippings they endured. Read the story and see a video and portrait gallery.
ST. PETERSBURG - Jazmyn Shorter puts on the weighted vest and gets into her stance. She looks straight ahead. She hears nothing but her own heartbeat while waiting for the command.
"All right. Go!"
The Lakewood junior moves full speed ahead. Her legs pump and her arms move back and forth as she sprints the football field. She gives a final push and leans forward as she crosses an imaginary finish line.
Shorter constantly invents new challenges. This week, her coaches gave her a 110-meter head start on the asphalt track and had the boys 4x100 team try to catch her in a 400-meter race.
She does this because she already has put a lot of ground between herself and what passes for her competition. In outdoor races, Shorter is undefeated and has only one loss in the 200.
Things will get tougher at the Class 3A meet Friday. Shorter is seeded third in the 400 and fourth in the 200. She is a few hundredths of a second from the top spot in both events.
"I know I'm going to get pushed," Shorter said. "I want to run somewhere in the low 54 (seconds) in the 400 and hopefully go somewhere in the high 23s in the 200."
Shorter always has dominated in the sprints, going undefeated in the 100 and 200 at John Hopkins Middle School. Lightning Bolt track club coach Garlynn Boyd decided then to add the 400.
At first, Shorter resisted.
"It was hard," she said. "I thought it was a long sprint."
Stuck in between being an all-out sprint and a distance race, the 400 meters may be track's toughest race. A runner must combine speed, endurance, strength, mental toughness and intelligence to be successful.
In a short sprint such as the 100 or 200 meters, a runner uses speed and energy during the entire race. In the distance events - the 1,600 and 3,200 - a runner conserves energy and speed to use over the whole race.
But to be successful in the 400, a runner must maintain both the endurance of a distance runner and the speed of a sprinter. The best sprinters or best milers or even the best athletes may not be able to excel in the 400.
"You have to be a horse for the 400," said Boyd, also a volunteer assistant at Lakewood. "It makes a man or a woman out of you. It's one of the toughest, a sprint from start to finish. I could tell Jazmyn was an athlete. She adapted to it, and the work is paying off."
Now Shorter couldn't imagine running any other event.
"I looove the 400," she said. "I feel like I'm on my way to perfecting that race. I wouldn't say I'm putting all my marbles on that one, but it's the one I really want to win. The 200 would just be icing on the cake."
Shorter is one of many county athletes who have a shot at winning this week. Boca Ciega's Andre LeShore has the top seed in the triple jump (49 feet, 5 inches). On the girls side, the Pirates' Alexandria Kincy has the top mark in the triple (37-11).