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Former U.S. diplomat worried

He warns that the Afghan government is losing popular support.

Published April 29, 2007


BRUSSELS - Afghanistan's U.S.-backed government, tarnished by corruption and unable to control large swaths of its own territory, is rapidly losing the support of ordinary Afghans, Richard Holbrooke, former U.S. ambassador to the United Nations, said Saturday.

Holbrooke said NATO, which has committed 36, 000 troops to Afghanistan, was at risk of losing the war against the Taliban. The United States has deployed an additional 11, 000 troops in the eastern border region with Pakistan.

"I can sense a tremendous deterioration in the standing of the government. Afghans are now universally talking about their disappointment with (President Hamid) Karzai. Let's be honest with ourselves ... the government must succeed or else the Taliban will gain from it, " he told the Brussels Forum, an annual trans-Atlantic security conference.

Taliban guerrillas have vastly expanded their activities during the past year. Insurgents have now returned to many regions outside their traditional strongholds in the east that were rebel-free since the 2001 U.S.-led invasion of Afghanistan.

In Brussels, Canadian Foreign Minister Peter Mackay said the fate of the allied operation in Afghanistan - in which 54 Canadian soldiers have died so far - hangs by a thread.

"While I don't want to sound alarmist, I think there is going to be a tipping point unless we are able to stabilize" southern Afghanistan, especially, and proceed with building the economy, rule of law and government institutions.

He said Canada has been disappointed by a lack of solidarity within NATO to share the burden of the Afghan operation.

Daniel Fried, an assistant U.S. secretary of state who also attended the conference, said the situation in Afghanistan is not as dire as Holbrooke had presented it.

"There are some serious challenges (but) efforts are under way to address the problems Ambassador Holbrooke has identified, " Fried said.

Holbrooke, who was instrumental in formulating U.S. policy toward the United Nations, Africa, Asia and the Middle East, remains best known for his role as the architect of the 1995 Dayton Peace Agreement, which ended the war in Bosnia.

He said the U.S.-financed effort to train the Afghan police has produced a force that was corrupt and incompetent.

"The U.S. training program (for the police) under DynCorp is an appalling joke ... a complete shambles, " he said. He referred to DynCorp International Inc. of Virginia, a major provider of security and defense services in Afghanistan, Iraq and other trouble spots.

"I don't want to appear negative, but unless we are honest about the problem, we will continue saying year after year that we are making progress but have lost ground. We all know where that leads."

[Last modified April 29, 2007, 01:26:18]

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