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© St. Petersburg Times, published November 23, 2000
Republican vice presidential nominee Dick Cheney, 59, had mild heart attacks in 1978, 1984 and 1988. In August of 1988, Cheney underwent a quadruple cardiac bypass because of arterial blockages.
Since then, Cheney has quit smoking, regularly exercises for 30 minutes on a treadmill and through such activities as hunting. Cheney takes medication to lower his cholesterol.
Cheney also had a small spot of skin cancer removed from his face and surgery on his right knee to repair an old football injury, as well as episodes of gout in his foot.
Dr. Gary Malakoff, director of internal medicine at George Washington University Hospital and Cheney's personal doctor since 1995, said in a letter earlier this year the candidate is in "excellent health."
Cheney himself reinforced that message earlier this year.
"I'd remind my friends out there that, after I underwent the bypass surgery, I then took on the assignment of secretary of defense, supervised the Gulf War. I can't think of a more stressful situation than that," he said.