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Seminole gambling

Tribal history

1702

British Flag Creek Indians from Georgia and lower Alabama raid Spanish settlements and Apalachee villages in Florida but they do not settle.

1740

Bands of Creeks establish villages in north Florida.

1763

Spain gives Florida to Britain in the Treaty of Paris.

1765

british flag Creeks meet with British and agree to give up 2-million acres in northeast Florida in the Treaty of Picolata. Seminole Chief Cowkeeper refuses to attend.

1783

Britain cedes control of Florida to Spain.

1813-1814

Andrew Jackson battles faction of Creek Indians, forcing large migration deeper into Florida.

1817

Cannon Georgia militia attacks Seminole village in Fowltown, starting the First Seminole War.

1818

Andrew Jackson invades north Florida.

1821

U..S. acquires Florida from Spain.

1823 Treaty

Seminoles relinquish 24-million acres and resettle on a reservation in the middle of Florida in the Treaty of Moultry Creek.

1832

In the Treaty of Paynes Landing, Seminoles are ordered to leave Florida in three years, surrender land and join Creeks in what is now Oklahoma.

1835

In the Dade Massacre, Seminole warriors kill Francis Dade and 108 soldiers in Bushnell. Chief Osceola kills U.S. Indian agent Wiley Thompson. Second Seminole War starts. It lasts seven years.

1837

Osceola captured under flag of truce by Gen. Thomas Jesup. Osceola dies several months later of malaria.

1838

Seminoles, Cherokee and Choctaws are forced to relocate to Oklahoma. Thou-sands die on Trail of Tears.

Cannon

1855

Billy Bowlegs attacks a group of U.S Army surveyors, touching off Third Seminole War in Florida.

1856

Treaty gives Seminoles 2.1-million acres in Oklahoma.

1858 Retreat

Bowlegs accepts peace terms, but several hundred Seminoles split off and retreat into Everglades. They form the nucleus of today's Seminole Tribe of Florida.

1934

Federal government lays groundwork for Indian self-determination by asking Indian tribes to organize tribal governments, adopt constitutions and form laws.

1957

Seminole Tribe of Florida receives federal recognition. Splinter group breaks off to become Micosukee Tribe.

1971

Howard Tommie is elected chairman of Seminoles. He introduces tax-free tobacco shops and comes up with idea of high-stakes bingo.

1979

James Billie is elected chairman. Hollywood bingo opens.

1981

Fifth Circuit Court of Appeals in Atlanta upholds tribe's right to run high-stakes bingo.

1982

Tampa bingo hall opens.

1996 gavel

U.S. Supreme Court says tribe can't sue Florida in a dispute over the state's refusal to allow other forms of casino gambling the tribe wants to introduce.  

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