PETER THE GREAT (PETER ALEXEEVICH)
Peter the Great was the fourteenth child of Alexei
Mikhailovich, born on May 30, 1672, from his second marriage to Natalia
Kirillovna Naryshkina. Having ruled jointly with his brother Ivan V from 1682, with Ivan's death in 1696, Peter was
officially declared Sovereign of all Russia.
EMPEROR OF ALL RUSSIA 1721-1725
During his reign, Peter undertook extensive reforms: He created a regular
army and navy, subjugated the Church to the state
and introduced new administrative and territorial divisions of the country. He
paid particular attention to the development of science. He was a far-sighted and
skillful diplomat and a talented military leader.
Under Peter's rule, Russia became a great European nation. In 1721, he
proclaimed Russia an Empire and was accorded the title of Emperor of All Russia,
Great Father of the Fatherland and "the Great."
He married twice and had 11 children, many of whom died in infancy. The
eldest son from his first marriage, Czarevich Alexei, was convicted of high
treason by his father and secretly executed in 1718.
Peter died from a chill on January 28, 1725, without nominating an heir. He
was buried in the Cathedral of the St. Peter and St. Paul Fortress in St.
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©Copyright 1995, The Moscow Kremlin Museums and other international
Text compiled by Alexei K. Levykin
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